The Isthmus of Panama has been a part of human civilization for approximately 10,000 years with indigenous groups such as the Ngöbe-Buglé, Naso, Wounaan, and Embera nations as its earliest inhabitants. In the sixteenth century was when the country began to change due to Spain’s conquest, but, fortunately, many of the indigenous languages have survived and the peoples of the Embera nation have endured and are accessible to tourists and other visitors. Furthermore, the Central American country sits between Costa Rica and Colombia and borders the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. In this tropical region, the climate supports lush vegetation and extravagant biodiversity that has become part of the booming industry of ecotourism.
The country became famous, especially to the Western world, in the 20th century with the completion of the Panama Canal. Many tours are available that highlight the canal and surrounding sites such as Old Panama, Casco Viejo, and the Gamboa Rainforest Resort. Condor Tours & Travel is offering such tours for 2015 & 2016 with accommodations at the Radisson Summit Hotel, Melia Panama Canal, and Country Inn and Suites Amador. There is one date left in December and there are dates available in January, February, April, June, and August next year. The tour will showcase the Chagres River and national park, the Embera nation, Madden Lake, Soberania National Park, and the city of Portobelo.
The Chagres River has historically been a trade route for commodities such as jewels, gold, and rare metals and is the only river on Earth that flows into two different oceans. What is most amazing about this river is, the amount of gold that has been transported through its waterways is greater than the amount of gold that has passed through every other river on Earth, combined. Furthermore, during the construction of the Panama Canal, the Chagres was flooded in order to create Gatun Lake and several small islands that were once the tops of rolling hills. Its surrounding tropical forest is home to hundreds of bird species such as blue and green Heron, the Great Egret, neo-tropical Cormorant, Red-Lored Amazon Parrot, and the Keel-billed Toucan.
Along the river and inside Chagres National Park you will find the people of the Embera Nation. This indigenous population is comprised of several groups and the largest of these is located in the province of Darien, which is situated between Panama and Columbia. Approximately 750 Embera peoples live along the Chagres River and provide visitors with a welcoming and friendly atmosphere, river tours, and hiking tours to see waterfalls and their country’s lush vegetation. Their communities primarily operate as port-style towns where they are situated along the river’s banks and have relied upon the river as a trade and travel route. This tradition continues today where their community achieves commercial attention from the many tourists who wish to explore their culture and lifestyles.
Another port city, to where visitors often travel, is Portobelo. This port city of approximately 3,000 inhabitants is located in the Cólon Province and was established during the Spanish colonial period. Today, fortifications from that era remain as well as Fort San Lorenzo, which is located nearby. The fortifications at Portobelo and San Lorenzo were created in order to defend trade ships and other cargo transport vessels. These sites are frequented by tourists and history buffs alike where these travelers get a glimpse of the country’s history and how people once lived and maintained their livelihoods.